TELE-X

Tele-X was the first telecommunication satellite for the Nordic countries and was the initial step into a new era for advanced telecommunication in Northern Europe.

Tele-X was launched with an Ariane 2 rocket from French Guyana in South America 2 April 1989 and was in service until late 1997. It was de-orbited in January 1998.

Tele-X was a three-axis stabilized satellite with two antennas, one for receiving and one for transmitting, and it had a designed lifetime of 6-8 years. The span of the sun panels was 19 m, the body was 2.4x2.4x1.65 m and its dry mass was 1050 kg. At launch the satellite had approx. 1200 kg of fuel onboard of which 250 kg was used for station keeping.

Tele-X had three TV-, two data- and one spare transponders, all pointing towards the Nordic countries.

Tele-X was used for analogue and digital TV and radio and for data communication. Among others the TV channels NRK, TV 4, Channel 5 and FilmNet, the radio channels TT, The Voice, Radio Sweden, Radio Rix, Megapol and NRJ were transmitted and Tele-X was also used for Internet communication to several universities in Eastern Europe. Tele-X was the first telecommunication satellite for the Nordic countries and was the initial step into a new era for advanced telecommunication in Northern Europe.